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Latest Diabetes News & Reasearch

Diabetes News -- ScienceDaily

Learn about early diabetes symptoms, diabetic diet information, diabetes care, type 1 diabetes, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Read the latest medical research on diabetes.

Double-blind test bolsters observational data that walnuts promote feelings of fullness. Results provide a quantitative measure for testing other compounds' ability to control appetite, including potential medications for the treatment of obesity.
Posted: August 16, 2017, 10:12 pm
Patients at risk for type 2 diabetes are often asked to exercise, but exercise doesn't help each patient equally. To investigate this variability, a sample of women were divided by their levels of insulin resistance (lower/ higher), a warning sign for diabetes, all underwent high-intensity interval training. The training generally improved all metrics of cardiometabolic health tested. Women with higher insulin resistance more often saw improvements in the measures of glucose and insulin in their blood.
Posted: August 16, 2017, 2:02 pm
A high amount and intensity of exercise along with a diet plan resulted in a modest reduction in blood glucose levels among adults with type 2 diabetes, but was accompanied by reductions in the use of glucose-lowering medications, according to a study.
Posted: August 15, 2017, 3:10 pm
A study has found that children who slept on average one hour less a night had higher risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including higher levels of blood glucose and insulin resistance.
Posted: August 15, 2017, 1:58 pm
Many schizophrenic and depressed patients experience weight gain and type 2 diabetes in their quests for the life-changing benefits of a major class of antipsychotic drugs. Now researchers may know why.
Posted: August 15, 2017, 1:51 pm
The space under our skin might be an optimal location to treat type 1 diabetes (T1D), a group of researchers has demonstrated.
Posted: August 14, 2017, 8:19 pm
Inflammatory processes in the liver lead to elevated cholesterol levels in people with diabetes, thus promoting subsequent vascular diseases. The new research presents a previously unknown mechanism.
Posted: August 14, 2017, 1:29 pm
Researchers have developed a new measurement for the volume and activity of beta cells, the source of the sugar-regulating hormone insulin.
Posted: August 10, 2017, 6:17 pm
Researchers have developed neuroimaging tools to study renal fibrosis in the rat kidney. The technique is expected to replace the invasive biopsies currently used to identify patients at risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
Posted: August 10, 2017, 12:21 pm
Medical researchers have examined potential Alzheimer's disease prevention strategies.
Posted: August 9, 2017, 6:01 pm
Researches are one step closer to cure diabetes by making insulin-producing cells from skin cells. They have transformed skin puncture cells from diabetes patients into insulin producing cells, using stem cell techniques. The researchers’ aim is to transplant these cells under the skin of people with diabetes.
Posted: August 9, 2017, 11:37 am
Bone marrow fat is thought to regulate bone metabolism, and high levels of marrow fat are seen in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes.
Posted: August 9, 2017, 11:33 am
A large, long-term study suggests that middle aged Americans who have vascular health risk factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking, have a greater chance of suffering from dementia later in life.
Posted: August 7, 2017, 4:05 pm
A scheme launched by the Department of Health in 2011 to help patients stick to their drug regimens has been so successful, that in its first five years, it will save NHS England £517.6m in the long-term, a team of health economists has found.
Posted: August 7, 2017, 2:40 pm
Early term deliveries impact babies' long-term health with increased risk of diabetes and obesity-related illnesses as well as a shortened life span, according to a new study.
Posted: August 7, 2017, 12:08 pm
Platelets, the cells in blood that enable clotting, are highly reliant on their ability to metabolize glucose, according to a new study.
Posted: August 4, 2017, 4:39 pm
A drug commonly used to treat diabetes may have disease-modifying potential to treat Parkinson's disease, a new study suggests, paving the way for further research to define its efficacy and safety.
Posted: August 4, 2017, 12:49 am
Scientist have now overcome challenges that have limited the use of gene therapy. They demonstrate how their novel approach with skin transplantation could enable a wide range of gene-based therapies to treat human diseases. The researchers provide 'proof-of-concept,' treating mice with two common related human ailments: type-2 diabetes and obesity.
Posted: August 3, 2017, 4:27 pm
Currently, no possibility exists to reliably quantify the risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) onset in the general population and in subjects with mild cognitive impairment. Metabolic and genetic factors involved in increasing the probability of developing dementia have already been identified. Some vascular risk factors, as hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes or smoking can cause a derangement in extra or intracranial vessels architecture, which can be responsible for an early aging of the brain. However, reliable tools for early identification of subjects at greater risk of evolution from mild cognitive impairment to AD are not available. 
Posted: August 2, 2017, 12:31 pm
Compared to people who are of normal weight and metabolically healthy, subjects who are of normal weight but metabolically unhealthy have a three-fold higher risk of mortality and/or cardiovascular events. Scientists have now addressed characteristics determining metabolic health in lean, overweight and obese people, showed that a reduced accumulation of fat in the lower body puts lean people at risk and highlighted implications of their findings for personalized prevention and treatment of cardiometabolic diseases.
Posted: August 1, 2017, 11:33 pm
Scientists have found a mechanism by which the brain coordinates feeding with energy expenditure, solving a puzzle that has previously eluded researchers and offering a potential novel target for the treatment of obesity.
Posted: August 1, 2017, 11:33 pm
Molecules that help cells communicate with each other -- called cytokines -- might be the key to repairing diabetic nerve damage. Diabetes devastates nerve cells, which can lead to poor circulation, muscle weakness, blindness, and other painful side effects. The new study showed diabetic mice can't repair nerve cells after damage due to low levels of specific cytokines.
Posted: August 1, 2017, 3:00 pm
Adults in the UK who have poor sleep patterns are more likely to be overweight and obese and have poorer metabolic health, according to a new study.
Posted: August 1, 2017, 2:54 am
Babies born to women who are overweight, obese or have diabetes during their pregnancy have less mature lungs than babies of normal weight pregnancies.
Posted: August 1, 2017, 1:46 am
The researchers found that bone retains a "memory" of exercise's effects long after the exercise is ceased, and this bone memory continues to change the way the body metabolizes a high-fat diet.
Posted: July 31, 2017, 3:47 pm
With the vision of providing a cell therapy for type 1 diabetes patients, scientists have identified a unique cell surface protein present on human pancreatic precursor cells providing for the first time a molecular handle to purify the cells whose fate is to become cells of the pancreas -- including insulin-producing cells.
Posted: July 31, 2017, 3:46 pm
Frequent alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes in both men and women, according to a new study, with alcohol consumption over 3-4 week days giving the lowest risks of diabetes.
Posted: July 27, 2017, 10:49 pm
Findings of the latest study of the Joslin 50-Year Medalists, who have had type 1 diabetes for at least 50 years, re-emphasize the importance of good blood glucose control and exercise in reducing complications and mortality rates for these older individuals.
Posted: July 27, 2017, 3:56 pm
Keywords entered into search engines – or posted on social media – related to symptoms or risk factors of diabetes provide accurate real-time data on how prevalent the disease is (or can be) in specific areas, suggests new research.
Posted: July 26, 2017, 1:20 pm
With obesity related illnesses a global pandemic, researchers propose using a blood thinner to target molecular drivers of chronic metabolic inflammation in people eating high-fat diets to limit weight gain and disease.
Posted: July 24, 2017, 8:12 pm
Researchers reported earlier this year in the journal Frontiers of Public Health that up to 76 percent of the world's population may be overfat. Now these same researchers have focused their efforts on data from 30 of the top developed countries, with even more alarming findings that up to 90 percent of adult males and 50 percent of children may be overfat.
Posted: July 24, 2017, 2:51 pm
Since frameworks used to identify adults at heightened risk for such complications are a poor fit for kids, the American Academy of Pediatrics now recommends that pediatricians instead focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors that are associated with obesity.
Posted: July 24, 2017, 12:30 pm
Researchers have repurposed an existing medication with healing properties traced to ancient Greeks.
Posted: July 20, 2017, 6:22 pm
Researchers who distributed a survey at a retreat and medical update for primary care physicians (PCPs) report that the vast majority of the 140 doctors who responded could not identify all 11 risk factors that experts say qualify patients for prediabetes screening. The survey, they say, is believed to be one of the first to formally test PCPs' knowledge of current professional guidelines for such screening.
Posted: July 20, 2017, 1:53 pm
Pregnant women who have a healthy diet and regular moderate exercise are less likely to have a caesarean section, gain excessive weight, or develop diabetes in pregnancy, according to a new study.
Posted: July 19, 2017, 10:56 pm
Women with early or normal onset menopause are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those with late onset menopause, concludes new research.
Posted: July 19, 2017, 2:18 am
People who were exposed to the dust cloud or sustained physical injuries during the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, 2001 may be at increased long-term risk of asthma, other respiratory diseases and heart attack, according to a new study.
Posted: July 17, 2017, 1:10 pm
Losing weight reduces the risk of long-term cardiovascular illness and mortality for the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes, but for a small subgroup, weight-loss intervention can lead to dramatically worse outcomes.
Posted: July 13, 2017, 12:11 am
People with diabetes are susceptible to periodontitis, a gum infection that can result in tooth loss. New research helps explain why: Diabetes triggers changes in the oral microbiome that enhance inflammation and the risk of bone loss
Posted: July 12, 2017, 6:56 pm
Chemicals found in everyday plastics materials are linked to cardiovascular disease, type-2 diabetes and high blood pressure in men, according to researchers.
Posted: July 12, 2017, 12:48 pm
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol or blood sugar levels or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity. Existing evidence indicates a positive but small benefit of behavioral counseling for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in this population.
Posted: July 11, 2017, 3:24 pm
A protein complex (Gbeta5-RGS) commonly known for halting cellular functions may actually stimulate insulin secretion in pancreatic cells, researchers have found. This discovery offers insights into new treatment strategies for conditions where the body is unable to produce sufficient levels of insulin, such as diabetes.
Posted: July 10, 2017, 5:52 pm
For patients with diabetes, one reason for hospitalization and unplanned hospital readmission is severe dysglycemia (uncontrolled hyperglycemia -- high blood sugar, or hypoglycemia -- low blood sugar), says new research.
Posted: July 7, 2017, 5:51 pm
Specialized beta cells in the pancreas release the hormone insulin to control our blood glucose levels, and failure of this mechanism is central to the development of type-2 diabetes. How much and when insulin is released depends on a complex system of messenger molecules and proteins that is not well understood.
Posted: July 7, 2017, 5:38 pm
A personalized diet approach could lead to greater weight loss and maintenance success, report researchers. Their study identifies fasting blood sugar and/or fasting insulin as new biomarkers for weight loss in people with prediabetes or diabetes.
Posted: July 7, 2017, 1:54 pm
Utilizing metabolomics research techniques, researchers investigated the underlying biochemical activity and signaling within the bone marrow of hyperglycemic mice with hopes of reducing fracture risks of diabetics.
Posted: July 7, 2017, 1:53 pm
In a randomized clinical trial of women who were overweight or obese, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) increased mindfulness and decreased stress compared with health education. In addition, fasting blood sugar levels decreased within the MBSR group, but not within the health education group.
Posted: July 7, 2017, 11:04 am
As sub-Saharan African countries struggle to cope with the current burden of diabetes, new estimates suggest that costs associated with the disease could more than double and may reach up to US$59.3 billion per year by 2030 if type 2 diabetes cases continue to increase.
Posted: July 6, 2017, 11:26 am
Levels of a nerve cell signaling molecule called substance P — measured in tear samples — might be a useful marker of diabetes-related nerve damage (neuropathy), suggests a study.
Posted: July 5, 2017, 7:17 pm
After 12 weeks of taking an anti-asthma drug, a subset of patients with type 2 diabetes showed a clinically significant reduction in blood glucose during a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, report researchers.
Posted: July 5, 2017, 4:32 pm
Chemical signatures from gut bacteria that show up in urine can be used to predict how the body will respond to a 'junk' diet, report scientists.
Posted: July 5, 2017, 4:31 pm
Results of a new study add to the evidence of an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, according to a study.
Posted: July 5, 2017, 3:31 pm
Sequencing the genome of the sand rat, a desert rodent susceptible to nutritionally induced diabetes, revealed an unusual chromosome region skewed toward G and C nucleotides. This region includes the Pdx1 homeobox gene, a transcriptional activator of insulin, which has undergone massive sequence change, likely contributing to diabetes and adaptation to low caloric intake, implying that mutation rate varies within a genome and that hotspots of high mutation rate may influence ecological adaptation and constraint.
Posted: July 5, 2017, 1:53 pm
Treatment with the insulin degludec compared to glargine U100 for 32 weeks resulted in a reduced rate of hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) episodes among patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes and at least one risk factor for hypoglycemia, according to two studies.
Posted: July 3, 2017, 4:10 pm
New research could explain why diabetes drugs which have worked in animal experiments are not equally successful in humans. The researchers discovered differences -- but also unknown similarities - in the function of insulin-producing beta cells.
Posted: July 3, 2017, 4:10 pm
Patients who suffer from both Type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea are at greater risk of developing a condition that leads to blindness within an average period of less than four years, new research has found.
Posted: July 3, 2017, 4:09 pm
A biological link has been discovered between gut bacteria metabolism and obesity. A research team showed that blocking a specific intestinal microbial pathway can prevent obesity and insulin resistance, as well as cause fat tissue to become more metabolically active.
Posted: June 30, 2017, 4:44 pm
Researchers examine associations of air pollution.
Posted: June 29, 2017, 2:12 pm
Mildly stressing muscle metabolism boosts levels of a beneficial hormone that prevents obesity and diabetes in mice, according to a new study. The findings show that triggering ER stress in mouse muscle cells causes them to produce and secrete significant amounts of the anti-diabetic hormone fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21), which then has widespread beneficial effects on whole-body metabolism.
Posted: June 28, 2017, 5:13 pm
A large, nationally representative survey in 2013 of adults in China finds that the estimated overall prevalence of diabetes was about 11 percent and that of prediabetes was nearly 36 percent, according to a study.
Posted: June 27, 2017, 5:43 pm

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