Learn about early diabetes symptoms, diabetic diet information, diabetes care, type 1 diabetes, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Read the latest medical research on diabetes.
Diabetes is known to increase a person's risk of kidney disease. Now, a new study suggests that the converse also is true: kidney dysfunction increases the risk of diabetes. Further, the researchers deduced that a likely culprit of the two-way relationship between kidney disease and diabetes is urea. The findings are significant because urea levels can be lowered through medication and diet.
Posted: December 11, 2017, 2:07 pm
Researchers have identified a type of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) that is associated with the skin disease bullous pemphigoid (BP) in diabetic patients administered with DPP-4 inhibitory drugs.
Posted: December 6, 2017, 5:25 pm
Hot flashes, undoubtedly the most common symptom of menopause, are not just uncomfortable and inconvenient, but numerous studies demonstrate they may increase the risk of serious health problems, including heart disease. A new study suggests that hot flashes (especially when accompanied by night sweats) also may increase the risk of developing diabetes.
Posted: December 6, 2017, 2:05 pm
Trace elements of lithium in drinking water may slow death rates from Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests. Rates of diabetes and obesity, which are important risk factors for Alzheimer's disease, also decrease if there is a particular amount of lithium in the water, says the study.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 7:48 pm
Overweight or obese patients who binge eat while trying to lose weight drop half as much as those who don't binge eat or those who do and subsequently stop, according to researchers.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 4:59 pm
Researchers activated the Hedgehog protein pathway in the fat cells of mice. After eight weeks of eating a high-fat diet, mice that had been engineered with genes to activate the pathway didn't gain weight, but control animals whose Hedgehog pathways were not activated became obese.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 4:59 pm
Type 2 diabetes can be reversed following an intensive weight management program, according a randomized trial in adults who have had the condition for up to 6 years. Almost half of participants achieved and maintained diabetes remission at one year without antidiabetic medications.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 2:16 pm
Men who suffer symptoms from varicoceles, enlarged veins in the scrotum, are more likely to develop vascular disease and metabolic disease, such as diabetes, according to a study.
Posted: December 1, 2017, 8:09 pm
A research team has identified a novel cluster of dysregulated genes in the pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes.
Posted: December 1, 2017, 3:46 pm
Type 1 diabetes is not predominantly a 'disease of childhood' as previously believed, but is similarly prevalent in adults, new research shows.
Posted: December 1, 2017, 2:49 am
People with diabetes and high risk of CVD who achieved extremely tight glycemic control showed higher risks of fatal heart attacks, a new study has found. Now scientists have identified two genetic variants associated with a threefold increase in CVD in this group. This discovery could lead to easy identification of individuals at risk and treatment using currently approved medications.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 7:33 pm
Regularly eating breakfast affects our body fat cells by decreasing the activity of genes involved in fat metabolism and increasing how much sugar they take up, according to new research. This may lower diabetes and cardiovascular risk.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 4:02 am
Diabetes and high BMI (a BMI over 25 kg/m2) were the cause of 5.6% of new cancer cases worldwide in 2012 - equivalent to 792600 cases, according to the first study to quantify the proportion of cancers attributable to diabetes and high BMI. When considered individually, 544300 cases of cases were attributable to high BMI (equivalent to 3.9% of all cancers), and 280100 were attributable to diabetes (2%).
Posted: November 28, 2017, 2:23 pm
Among the detrimental effects of obesity is the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. If the strong links between obesity and type 2 diabetes are well known, the cellular and molecular mechanisms were so far poorly understood. Scientists unravel the factors linking obesity and insulin resistance. By deciphering how the protein PTPR-? inhibits insulin receptors located at the surface of liver cells, they open door to potential news therapeutic strategies.
Posted: November 28, 2017, 2:08 pm
Changing the prices of seven foods, including fruits, vegetables and sugar-sweetened beverages, could reduce annual deaths from stroke, diabetes and cardiovascular disease by 3-9 percent and address disparities in the United States.
Posted: November 27, 2017, 5:47 pm
A study of more than 400 adults with prehypertension, or stage 1 high blood pressure, found that combining a low-salt diet with the heart-healthy DASH diet substantially lowers systolic blood pressure -- the top number in a blood pressure test -- especially in people with higher baseline systolic readings.
Posted: November 22, 2017, 6:14 pm
Inflammation processes are responsible for the failure of insulin production in diabetes patients. The patients' own immune systems can contribute to treatment of this disease: researchers have found a feedback mechanism that could help maintain insulin production in overweight sufferers.
Posted: November 21, 2017, 7:19 pm
Scientists have demonstrated that an enterovirus vaccine can protect against virus-induced diabetes in a mouse model for Type 1 diabetes.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 3:13 pm
The severe and debilitating genetic disease Xeroderma pigmentosum impedes cells to repair UV-induced DNA damage. Scientists found a drug approved for diabetes treatment to alleviate the impact of the gene defect in cell culture, which led to the discovery of a previously unknown DNA repair mechanism.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 3:13 pm
Identification of three molecules that can be used to accurately assess pre-diabetes -- a key predictor of conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure -- has brought precision medicine for humans a step closer.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 2:36 pm
Scientists looked at the relationships among maternal snoring, childhood snoring and children's metabolic characteristics -- including body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance, which reflects future risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease -- in approximately 1,100 children followed from gestation through early adolescence.
Posted: November 17, 2017, 8:22 pm
Using a different marker to track a patient's glycemic levels could help improve outcomes after surgery for diabetic and non-diabetic patients alike.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 9:30 pm
Being able to build a bioartificial pancreas offers the potential to cure type 1 diabetes. A major challenge with the effort is how to supply the structure with enough oxygen to keep the cells alive. Now, new research suggests that oxygen-generating compounds found in some laundry detergents may play a key role.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 6:28 pm
Resolvin E1, a molecule produced naturally in the body from an omega -3 fish oil, topically applied on gum tissues not only prevents and treats gum disease, but also decreases the likelihood for advanced arterial atherosclerotic plaques to rupture and form a dangerous thrombus or blood clot, report investigators.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 6:27 pm
Type 1 diabetes has been successfully reveresed in a mouse model by infusing blood stem cells pre-treated to produce more of a protein called PD-L1, which is deficient in mice (and people) with type 1 diabetes. The cells curbed the autoimmune reaction in cells from both mice and humans and reversed hyperglycemia in diabetic mice.
Posted: November 15, 2017, 7:41 pm
Unequal exposure to environmental pollutants acting as endocrine-disrupting chemicals is an under-recognized risk factor that may play a key role in driving the higher rates of diabetes among minority and low-income populations, according to a new article.
Posted: November 15, 2017, 3:48 pm
People who eat slowly are less likely to become obese or develop metabolic syndrome, a cluster of heart disease, diabetes and stroke risk factors, according to preliminary research.
Posted: November 15, 2017, 12:50 am
People with psoriasis are at a higher risk to develop type 2 diabetes than those without psoriasis, and the risk increases dramatically based on the severity of the disease. Researchers found people with psoriasis that covers 10 percent of their body or more are 64 percent more likely to develop diabetes than those without psoriasis, independent of traditional risk factors such as body weight.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 5:33 pm
Scientists show that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or heart disease post pregnancy is drastically higher if the women had both diabetes and high blood pressure while being pregnant. The study doesn't end with the mother's risks. The father's risks also rise if the mother has one gestational condition and rises even higher if she has both.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 2:13 pm
Workplace bullying and violence may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, for both men and women, according to new research.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 12:50 am
Obesity during pregnancy -- independent of its health consequences such as diabetes -- may account for the higher risk of giving birth to an atypically large infant, according to researchers.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 5:37 pm
It has been known for decades that low temperatures can trigger specialized fat cells to burn energy to produce heat, but in a new study, researchers have discovered a new heat-producing pathway in fat cells that works by burning excess blood glucose, suggesting a potential new approach to treating metabolic disorders such as obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 5:37 pm
Increasing the tax on high fat and high sugar foods will help improve children’s diets. This is one of the recommendations from a new report that includes recommendations that are aimed at tackling the causes of poor diets in children.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 3:45 pm
A lower risk of type 2 diabetes has been observed among individuals consuming food rich in antioxidants. This effect is largely contributed by fruit, vegetables, tea and other hot beverages, as well as moderate consumption of alcohol, as shown in a recent study.
Posted: November 10, 2017, 3:40 am
A research team has uncovered how a very low calorie diet can rapidly reverse type 2 diabetes in animal models. If confirmed in people, the insight provides potential new drug targets for treating this common chronic disease, said the researchers.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 6:12 pm
Eating during the night is associated with higher risk of heart disease and diabetes, and the body's 24-hour cycle is to blame, according to recent research.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 3:04 pm
The prognosis for people with an infected diabetic foot ulcer is worse than was previously thought, according to new research. More than half the patients in the research study did not see their ulcer heal over a year -- and one in seven had to have part or all of their foot amputated.
Posted: November 8, 2017, 5:41 pm
Researchers have found a vital role for miR-204 in beta cells -- regulating the cell surface receptor that is the target of many of the newer type 2 diabetes drugs, such as Byetta, Victoza, Trulicity, Januvia, Onglyza and Tradjenta. This drug target is the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor, or GLP1R. Activation of GLP1R with these drugs helps the beta cell produce and secrete more insulin.
Posted: November 7, 2017, 9:12 pm
A new stem cell study shows how we may increase the vital production of insulin in patients suffering from diabetes. The discovery helps to more efficiently at less cost make insulin-producing beta cells from human stem cells. Therefore, the research paves the way for more effective treatment of diabetes. The method may also prove significant to the treatment of a series of other diseases.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 4:22 pm
A drug used to treat malaria does not, after all, create new insulin-producing cells, according to a new article.
Posted: November 3, 2017, 5:46 pm
Regularly drinking sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda and juice contributes to the development of diabetes, high blood pressure and other endemic health problems, according to a new review.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 6:05 pm
When overweight adults exchange refined grain products -- such as white bread and pasta -- with whole grain varieties, they eat less, they lose weight and the amount of inflammation in their bodies decreases.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 1:59 pm
Women with a history of infertility have a 10 percent increased risk of death compared to those without reported infertility struggles, according to results of a new study. The study, which examined the association between infertility and mortality as well as specific causes of death, also showed that women with a history of infertility have a 20 percent increased risk of cancer-related mortality.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 6:16 pm
One little understood paradox in the study of obesity is that overweight people who break down fat at a high rate are less healthy than peers who store their fat more effectively.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 5:05 pm
Scientists have shown that a topical gel made from a class of common blood pressure pills that block inflammation pathways speeds the healing of chronic skin wounds in mice and pigs.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 2:26 pm
A new discovery sheds light on osteocalcin, a hormone produced by our bones that affects how we metabolize sugar and fat.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 1:19 pm
Could short-term exposure to the average American diet increase one's risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease? According to a recent study, researchers provide compelling evidence to support this hypothesis.
Posted: October 31, 2017, 3:14 pm
Low magnitude, high frequency mechanical stimulation (LMMS) reduces adipose (fat) tissue and thus may be a method of reducing weight and health risks such as diabetes. A new study takes this concept to another level.
Posted: October 30, 2017, 7:45 pm
Type 2 diabetes affects blood circulation. When blood flow in the brain is impaired, it can affect the way we think and make decisions. Recently, researchers examined information from a 10-year-long study, focusing on whether participants with type 2 diabetes who lowered calories in their diet and increased physical activity had better blood flow to the brain.
Posted: October 30, 2017, 6:13 pm
Artificial beta cells have been developed that automatically release insulin into the bloodstream when glucose levels rise. This work was done in lab experiments but could lead to a much more patient-friendly treatment than injections.
Posted: October 30, 2017, 5:14 pm
Researchers have studied how high-intensity interval training (HIIT) alters the brain's glucose metabolism in physically inactive insulin resistant people. Only two weeks of HIIT training reduced glucose metabolism in all areas of the brain.
Posted: October 27, 2017, 6:15 pm
A research team has found a surprising potential solution to a persistent clinical problem -- the healing of chronic wounds. The researchers report that application of mature B lymphocytes -- best known for producing antibodies -- greatly accelerated the healing of acute and chronic wounds in both diabetic and nondiabetic mice.
Posted: October 25, 2017, 5:54 pm
Triglycerides, a type of fat in the blood, are important for good health. But having high triglycerides might increase a person's risk of heart disease, and may be a sign of metabolic syndrome.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 6:17 pm
Researchers may have found a way to treat insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes, while avoiding side effects such as weight gain.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 2:56 pm
The first population-based study that comprehensively examines pediatric patients’ risk of developing type 2 diabetes after beginning treatment with an antidepressant has uncovered a link between the two.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 2:51 pm
A study that compared total US diabetes diagnoses over a 26-year period found that while the prevalence nearly doubled, from 5.5 to 10.8 percent, the proportion of missed cases of diabetes dropped significantly during the same period, from 16.3 to 10.9 percent.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 10:27 pm
Researchers have identified a protein (ARF6) that when inhibited reduces diabetic retinopathy, a condition that results when blood vessels at the back of the eye leak fluid into the eye, impairing vision.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 10:26 pm
A drug that targets the appetite control system in the brain could bring about significant weight loss in people with clinical obesity, according to new research.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 5:19 pm
Getting enough vitamin D during infancy and childhood is associated with a reduced risk of islet autoimmunity among children at increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes, according to a study.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 5:19 pm
Using small financial incentives and accessible monitoring tools such as wireless glucometers and apps may motivate young people with type 1 diabetes to engage in the management of their condition, research indicates. Participants in the intervention group were nearly three times more likely to achieve daily glucose monitoring goals. The authors say the study shows that the strategy may be an effective way to reach a population that has historically been considered difficult to engage.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 4:38 pm